What Is an Electrocardiogram?
An electrocardiogram, also called an EKG or ECG, is a simple, painless test that records the heart's electrical activity. To understand this test, it helps to understand how the heart works.
With each heartbeat, an electrical signal spreads from the top of the heart to the bottom. As it travels, the signal causes the heart to contract and pump blood. The process repeats with each new heartbeat.
The heart's electrical signals set the rhythm of the heartbeat.
An EKG shows:
- How fast your heart is beating
- Whether the rhythm of your heartbeat is steady or irregular
- The strength and timing of electrical signals as they pass through each part of your heart
Doctors use EKGs to detect and study many heart problems, such as heart attacks, arrhythmias,and heart failure. The test's results also can suggest other disorders that affect heart function.
The day of your resting EKG, no special considerations are needed, however, you should avoid drinking cold water and physical exertion immediately before your EKG. Note that this applies to resting EKGs only; see this page for stress test instructions.