Running BioMechanics Part I

Often many athletes and recreational folks present with chronic orthopedic injuries to the clinic.  Many of these I like to evaluate with Gait Analysis to see their whole body in motion as it complements the evaluation process that may lead to contribute to the diagnosis.  It certainly falls into the ergonomic evaluation much like a work station for a sedentary worker, or a bike fit for a cyclist.  So I wanted to post a mini series on Gait to exhibit how beneficial the evaluation can be in the short term but mostly the long term in developing healthy habits that will aim to prevent injury.


Ideal Stature during Running

Head:Erect and forward;

Eyes looking about 10‐20’ ahead


Arms:Elbows bent to ~90°and swinging from hips to midline.  

Hands staying in close relationship to sternum.

Torso:Slight forward lean

Hips:Mild adduction during stance phase, otherwise staying  level; slight hip extension at toe off

Knees:Slight flexion at initial contact

Feet:Landing slightly on the lateral aspect of the foot at  midfoot/forefoot. Feet should hit underneath you and heel  should be in contact with ground during midstance.

**Head should remain fairly level


Landing should be soft/ quiet

Stride Cadance: ~180 steps per minute

Rest/shorten runs when learning new biomechanics


*Michael K. E. Bogden, PT, DPT Cleveland Clinic Fellows Conference 3/8/2012